Fear is generally a normal, sensible reaction to danger and is part of normal child development. However, anyiety in childhood and adolescence can also occur in situations or in response to objects that are actually harmless, or can be so severe that it leads to problems in everyday life and severe suffering. There are various forms of anxiety disorders, some of the most common in childhood and adolescence include:
- Separation anxiety
This usually manifests itself in the form of extreme fear of separation from parents or caregivers and strong emotional reactions to separation and loneliness, accompanied by crying, screaming, abdominal pain and problems falling asleep alone.
- Specific phobias
Phobias are strong fears of specific situations, e.g. darkness or visits to the doctor, or objects, e.g. spiders, other animals, needles, blood, etc., which exceed a normal level of anxiety and are excessively present in everyday life.
This disease is characterised by fear of situations in which there is no escape or in which those affected feel "trapped". This can manifest itself, for example, in fear of closed rooms, large groups of people or panic attacks when travelling by bus or train.
- Panic attacks
Panic attacks can express themselves as panic disorder, in which they usually occur regularly, unpredictably and for no apparent reason. They can also be associated with other anxiety disorders,such as agoraphobia, and other mental disorders.
- Social Phobia
Social phobia is accompanied by great fear of social situations, mostly out of fear of embarrassment or "making a fool of oneself". Affected children often react with withdrawal, anger or tears to social situations, older children and adolescents often avoid social situations as best they can.
- Generalized anxiety disorder
This childhood disorder is characterized by a strong tendency towards general worries and anxieties, concentration problems, restlessness, sleep disorders, discomfort, abdominal pain and tension, etc..