In trauma therapy, the aim is to gradually work through traumatic experiences in order to avoid or reduce the resulting psychological stress and possible trauma consequences (such as post-traumatic stress disorder). The therapeutic process goes through phases of stabilization, processing and acceptance. In trauma therapy it is particularly important to create a safe and trusting environment for children and adolescents. EMDR ("Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing") has been proven to be a particularly effective method of improving trauma processing. This method assumes that traumatic memories in the brain are partially fragmented and incorrectly stored, so that they certain triggers (e.g. images, sounds or smells) can repeatedly bring them to the surface. This can lead to intrusive "flashback" memories and anxiety and panic. In EMDR therapy, the traumatic experiences are recalled in a safe environment, while the therapist instructs the patient to do certain eye movements. These movements enable new, improved processing of the traumatic experience. The effectiveness of EMDR is scientifically proven and can occur after just a few sessions.
The costs for EMDR treatments for children and young people are currently not paid for by German health insurance.